Arkansas Pharmacist Association: Measles

“This is your statewide newscast, Arkansas Today” WELCOME BACK áá JOINING US TODAY IS DOCTOR ERIC CRUMBAUGH áá HERE TO TELL US ABOUT MEASLES Dr. Eric Crumbaugh Arkansas Pharmacists Association Fullscreens Enter a short description of your topic for discussion. ( Update on the measles outbreak. I’ll email talking points and fullscreens to Daniel. Dr. Eric Crumbaugh Arkansas Pharmacists Association 1) What can you tell us about the measles outbreak? – From January 1 to April 26, 2019, 704 individual cases of measles have been confirmed in 22 states. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) o Missouri, Tennessee, and Texas all have cases reported – These outbreaks are linked to travelers who brought measles back from other countries such as Israel, Ukraine, and the Philippines, where large measles outbreaks are occurring. – Make sure you are vaccinated against measles before traveling internationally. – More than 500 of the 704 cases recorded as of last Friday were in people who had not been vaccinated, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported. – Sixtyásix people have been hospitalized. 2) How severe can measles be? Measles can be very serious. It’s a very contagious disease. Some symptoms you’ll notice in someone that has measles are high fever, cough, runny nose, red, watery eyes, and a rash. Three to five days after the symptoms begin, a rash breaks out and at that time a person’s fever may spike and small raised bumps may appear on top of the flat red spots. About 1 in 1000 people with measles will develop brain swelling which can lead to brain damage. About 1 in 4 are hospitalized and about 1 or 2 in 1000 will die from measles. There haven’t been any deaths reported in the US from the 2019 outbreak. 3) Who needs a measles vaccine? The MMR vaccine is very safe and effective. Two doses of MMR vaccine are about 97% effective at preventing measles; one dose is about 93% effective. Vaccines are safe and effective! Children á CDC recommends routine childhood immunization for MMR vaccine starting with the first dose at 12 through 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age or at least 28 days following the first dose. Adults á People who are born during or after 1957 who do not have evidence of immunity against measles should get at least one dose of MMR vaccine. People born before 1989 may have only received one dose of MMR vaccine as a child therefore they may need a booster. Some people like college students and people who are traveling internationally are strongly encouraged to get the vaccine. 4) Can you still get the measles if you’ve been vaccinated? Very few peopleáabout three out of 100áwho get two doses of measles vaccine will still get measles if exposed to the virus. Experts aren’t sure why. It could be that their immune systems didn’t respond as well as they should have to the vaccine. But the good news is, fully vaccinated people who get measles are much more likely to have a milder illness. And fully vaccinated people are also less likely to can’t get vaccinated because they are too young or have weakened immune systems. 5) Where can I get vaccinated? You can get vaccinated at your doctor’s office or local