Basic First Aid & Emergency Medical Treatment : Basic First Aid: Controlling Bleeding

Hi, I’m Amy, and today we are going to be
talking about controlling the bleeding. Nita here, we are going to suppose that she has
a wound to her arm. The first thing we are going to do if somebody is bleeding, it is
always good because you never know whether or not if somebody’s body fluid are infected,
so you want to treat all blood and body fluids as if they are infected even if you know the
victim. So if you have gloves it is great. Put on a pair of gloves. If you don’t have
gloves, you can ask the victim to go ahead and press their hand against the wound. You
can use other materials such as T-shirts or a towel that is handy. Kitchen towels are
probably the most common thing that people grab at their house. If you happen to have
a first aid kit, which is highly recommended for people to have in their homes, you can
go ahead and press the gauze pad against the wound, applying direct pressure. Most bleeding
will stop with direct pressure alone. In order to secure the gauze, it is always nice to
have a roll of bandage. Place the roll of bandage against the wound and gently roll
it around until you secure the gauze. It is always good to check for feeling, warmth and
color of the fingers before and after you dress the wound. You want to make sure that
you are not wrapping the gauze pad too tightly because if you are, you actually turn the
gauze to a tourniquet, which you don’t want to do, and you never want to apply a tourniquet
to any bleeding no matter how severe it is unless the decision has been made to sacrifice
a limb on this side of the injury. Once you have secured that, it is always nice to keep
your arm elevated. It helps to control the flow of blood. Try and keep that direct pressure
on the wound. If that is not working and it is still bleeding through, you can also, especially
with a wound in the arm, there is an artery inside the arm there ,and you can find that
artery by feeling for the pulse with your finger tips and press their artery against
the bone. The victim can very often tell you whether or not if you’ve located it because
they should start to feel their fingers tingle and lose a bit of sensation and Nita is nodding
her head, “yes, my fingers are tingling,” and then you want to gradually release that
periodically because again you don’t want to completely stop the flow of blood to the
arm. You can also apply another gauze pad. “If you can, hold that arm for me? Feel
comfortable doing that?” Then you can always apply more and more direct pressure. If it
is a gaping wound, that is the edges of the wound do not close, if it is bleeding severely
or if it appears that it is going to need stitches, I would recommend that the person
be transported to the hospital to be checked out by a doctor.