Basic First Aid : How to Treat a Knee Sprain

You know, at some point in time, many of us
are going to incur some type of sprain or strain injury. Hi, I’m Captain Joe Bruni,
and what I’m going to go over and talk about is how to treat a knee sprain. A knee sprain
can be a pretty painful injury; however, it’s usually not a serious injury. A knee sprain
should first be evaluated for swelling and possible fracture. If there’s discoloration,
it could be a sign of an injury much, much more in depth than just a sprain. Initially,
apply some type of cold compress like a commercial ice pack or ice to the area to reduce swelling
and pain. Ten to fifteen minute intervals is all that the ice should be applied to help
avoid a cold or burn injury from the ice. After the ice is initially applied, that will
help to constrict blood vessels and reduce blood flow to the area which helps to reduce
pain and swelling. Some type of pressure bandage or elastic bandage could be applied to help
support the knee, being careful not to make it too tight and cut off circulation. Once
the pressure bandage is in place; again, the cold compress or the ice can be applied to
the region or area to again help reduce pain or swelling. Also, lying down and resting
the knee for extended periods is one of the keys to a speedy recovery. After the first
three days of the application of ice, you can begin to apply heat to dilate the blood
vessels and increase blood flow to the region to help promote healing. Knee sprains are
never a pleasant experience, but with proper intervention and care, the road to recovery
and healing can be much greater and faster. I’m Captain Joe Bruni. Stay safe and we’ll
see you next time.