Drowning | First Aid


Drowning. Children can drown in a
surprisingly small amount of water. So be very careful, extremely vigilant, and always be sure that you
know where the children are, if they’re around water. The other thing is, that children often if they are drowning, it’s not like in the movies when they’re, thrashing around. It can be very quiet and
they can just disappear. So again, vigilance is really important. If you were to find a
child unconscious in water, really important that you get them out as quickly as possible. Ideally, head downwards,
pulling them out like that, and the moment they’re on dry land, what you want to do is, tilt the head, lift the chin, check to see if they’re breathing. If they’re not, you want to start with five
rescue breaths straight away. And hopefully, those rescue breaths, will end up stimulating their brain, the carbon dioxide in your
breath that you’re breathing out can stimulate the respiratorius entering the back of their brain, and cause them to start breathing, which is great. So, five breaths, if that doesn’t work, then 30
compressions to two breaths and you would keep going. You’re not going to try
and empty them or anything, the majority of the time, there isn’t water in the
lungs that we hear about. It’s just the fact that
it’s like a suffocation that’s happened when they’ve drowned. So, keep doing CPR, get help on the way. If somebody can bring a defibrillator, that would be fantastic. You need an ambulance fast. And you keep resuscitating. And hopefully, they will come back. The chances are coming back from drowning, if you’re pretty quick getting them out, are pretty good. Make sure you keep them warm, because they’ll be cold, having come out of the water, and if you have had to
resuscitate someone, or if someone has been
unconscious in water, really important you look
out for secondary drowning. And that they are always checked out in a hospital, so that they can ensure that
they’re aren’t any signs of secondary drowning. Secondary drowning occurs, when there’s inflammation in the lungs, as a result of what’s
happened in the water. And that causes the lungs
to start secreting fluid, which causes this secondary drowning. And that can be fatal. So really important you
get them out quickly, you start CPR quickly if that’s necessary. If they’ve come around,
fast when you’ve done CPR, they’ll need to be in
the recovery position, they’ll probably be sick, they probably will be draining some water, but they can cough it all up themselves. And then you get them seen in a hospital as quickly as possible.