Pharmacology- Diabetic Medication | Medi tutorials


Oral Antidiabetics Drugs Oral antidiabetic drugs or oral hypoglycemic
drugs are those drugs which is used to control diabetes where insulin therapy not works! Oral Anti diabetic agents are:
1. Insulin secretogogues. 2. Buguamides. 3. Thiazolidinediones. 4. Alpha glucosidase inhibitors. 1. Insulin secretogogues:
a.Sulponyl ureas— (1st generation)
Tolbutamide Tolazamide
Chlorpropamide Acetohexamide. (2nd generation)
Glyburide Glibenclamide
Glipizide Glimepiride b. Meglitinides
Ripaglinide Nateglinide 2. Buguamides:
Metformin Phenformin
Buformin. 3. Thiazolidinediones. Pioglitazone
Rosiglitazone Troglitazone. 4. Alpha glucosidase inhibitors:
Acarbose Miglitol. Here, Biguamides are also called Euglycemic
drugs because it decrease blood glucose level in a certain limits which indicates normal
blood glucose level. It doesnot cause hypoglycemia.