Pneumothorax (collapsed lung) Animation, Treatment, Decompression, Pathophysiology


Hey, so, pneumothorax can cause a lot of pain,
a lot anxiety for our patients. So, let s talk about how we can identify pneumothorax,
what s going on, and what are some of our treatments. Okay, when we talk about pneumothorax, we
re talking about air getting in to the thoral space. So, here s our lungs, we have our left lung
and our right lung. And, surrounding that lung, we have what s
called the pleura. Okay, the pleura is a little protecting covering
that surrounds our lungs. And, that s a great
thing. It helps protect our lungs, it helps our heart expand, it helps everything with
respirations, to protection and everything. But what can happen is, our lungs is gonna
develop these little blebs on it. These blebs are little tiny-like vesicles there and what
can happen with those blebs, is they can rupture. Okay, and once they rupture, you could imagine
that air comes rushing out of our lung and it begins to fill that thoral space. Now,
there s really nowhere for that air to go other than this pleural cavity. So what happens
is, the air begins to compress this lung down. The lung becomes compressed as this space
fills with air. Okay, so, that s what we call a collapsed lung. It s this air filling up
in here It can t escape, it can t get out of this thoral space. So, it pushes the lung
in, okay. That s a pneumothorax. Now, what do we do with a patient who has a pneumothorax?
As you imagine, it can cause a lot of anxiety, it can cause a lot of pain. So, what the physician
can do is they can cut a little slice, little incision here and they can insert a chest
tube. Okay, so the tube will go in right to that where that air is collecting within the
pleural space and it will allow that air to come out. Okay? Now, when the physician enters
that, it really does sounds almost like opening a can of soda or something. They enter that
space and to know that they are in, you re kinda get a sound of like cracking open a
soda (Tsss) and as that air rushing out. Okay. So, as we allow that air to come out, the
lung tissue then begin to expand again as that air escapes and releases that pressure
that it has on the lung. Okay. So, this is Jon with NRSNG.com. If you want more free
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