RBFM – Uniforme Français – Review d’uniforme


Hello everyone and welcome to this new uniform presentation video. Today, I will present the uniform worn by a Marine from the french “RBFM”, Armored Regiment of Fusiliers-Marins of the 2nd Armored Division of General Leclerc. Before anything, I have, as usual, to clarify certain points: This video is only a base that allows you to create your uniform, it’sn’t a Bible that allows you to avoid searching on Internet, or buying books and magazines. I don’t pretend to know everything, I’m not specialized in the field, so maybe you will find errors, or you will have details to bring. If so, feel free to leave a comment below this video to share your knowledge. There are many possible configurations, but I only present what I wear to avoid a 2 hours video. You can find the complete list of equipment in the description of this video, with the corresponding timing. History The french Armored Regiment of Marine, or “RBFM” in french, was created in September 1943 under the command of Corvette Captain Raymond Maggiar. His staff mainly comes from the Bizerte battalion (including officers) and the French war force in North Africa, which was under the Vichy regime before the Anglo-American landing; sailors captured by the English in Madagascar, and escaped from occupied France. Although the unit’s composed of sailors, the RBFM isn’t an FNFL (Free French Naval Forces) unit was created after August 3, 1943, date of merger of the North African Maritime Forces and FNFL: in theory, after this date, there will be only one NATIONAL MARINE it’s the December 9th, 1943 that American uniforms are perceived. At the same time, the system is equipped with armored vehicles that replace the mules and obsolete equipment, but it was necessary to wait until April 9th, 1944 for the RBFM to get these famous tanks so much requested: 36 TD M10 (tank hunters), 25 M3A1 scouts, 6 M2 half-tracks, 3 M3 half-tracks, some motorcycles and Jeeps of course. The RBFM become a part of the 2nd armored division of General Leclerc on April 12th, 1944. The Regiment meets General Leclerc on April 14th, 1944, but he isn’t very warm: Indeed, the regiment itself was imposed by General De Gaulle on one hand; On the other hand, Leclerc blames sailors for remaining loyal to the Navy, and therefore to the Vichy regime. Leclerc therefore forbids them to wear the aiguillette of the legion of honor won during the battle of Dixmude in 1914 by the Marines. The RBFM arrived in England on April 29th, 1944 and, proof of the confidence of General De Gaulle in this regiment, his son, Philippe de Gaulle, is integrated into the rank of First Class Vessel Sign. It’s however necessary to wait for the night of August 2nd to 3rd so that the RBFM and the 2nd DB touches the French ground on Utah Beach in St Martin de Varreville, and it’s on August 12th, 1944 that the regiment registers its first victory against a Panther and infantry trucks. The regiment continues to be engaged in several battles, winning several victories and capturing many Germans. From 24 August, the 2nd DB can enter Paris on three columns: one by the door of St Cloud, one by the Porte d’Orléans and the last by the Porte d’Italie. The clashes will be hard, but the Germans, after suffering many losses, surrender little by little. Note various incidents related to snipers, causing panic among jubilant Parisian. The 5th column of the Hotel du Crillon has paid the price, one of the shooters having taken the 1st degree the expression “This is the 5th column that attacks us!”. it’s one of the tanks of the RBFM which will arrive the 1st on the Place de l’Etoile. The RBFM leaves Paris on September 8th, going east: Since Normandy they have destroyed more than 60 enemy tanks; they didn’t lose 10 tank-destroyers. Following the battle of DOMPAIRE, General LECLERC will authorize the RBFM to carry the aiguillette of the Legion of Honor, thus justifying the acts of bravery of the regiment. The 2nd DB and the RBFM reach the Lorraine and at the dawn of November 13th, they record three victories against Panthers without recording any loss. The RBFM participates in the liberation of Strasbourg, always at the forefront, allowing first of all the capture of the German general Brühn, which will be sent to Leclerc. Then they distinguished themselves by a big coup on November 23rd, 1944 at the Barracks of the Strasbourg Guards, capturing 300 soldiers and 15 German officers without suffering any loss. The 2nd DB briefly participated in the counterattack of the Ardennes before returning to the Colmar pocket on January 18th, 1945 to liquidate it. Losses are this time lamenting French side, including Grussenheim, before the RBFM is relieved by the 5th French DB. An operation is then implemented to liberate Royan in April 1945, before heading to Germany in May 1945 and taking Beschtesgaden, still within the 2nd DB of General Leclerc. After the end of the war, the RBFM will march on June 18th, 1945 in Paris, and General Leclerc will bid farewell to the 2nd DB on June 22th, 1945. FYI, the Regiment will participate later in the Indochina war. Uniform Like all the 2nd Armored Division, the French soldiers were equipped in the American way, these recovering stocks of unused equipment or still available in US stores in England. The French then chose to customize their outfit with a hat representing their army corps, as well as the insignia sewn on the jacket M41. The weapon in staffing was the USM1 rifle, but it could happen to find Thompson with the officers. Mustard trousers M37 was the regulation pants of the US Army during the World War II, so it was normal to find a lot in clothing stores when the French came to equip. It has 4 pockets: two side and two on the buttocks, and passers allow to place a regulatory belt, here the model for the troop. The pants are slipped into the leggings but can also be put on top, the armored troops can avoid to hang the hooks of leggings on the hatches of vehicles when passing the body. The boots are here in Russet leather, so type II, model dated November 21st, 1941. They were used for outfits, unlike the roughout Boots, more easily used in combat. The French have therefore mostly found russet leather boots, associated with leggings mod. M1938. The boots have 9 pairs of eyelets, have a rubber sole, which can be easily damaged, the latter having served the soldier during the landing of the 2nd Armored Division in early August in Normandy. The M1938 leggings will be distributed to all soldiers of the 2nd DB, as well as the Americans wearing lace boots. They are attached by a lace, to fix on hooks turned towards the back and placed outside the calf. Attention, the lace can be weakened with the use, our soldier has here abolished his lace right side, and he will replace it as soon as possible. Regulatory shirt in the US Army, the mustard shirt M37, nicknamed well by its color, was found on all the soldiers of the 2nd Armored Division who wore it with a tie, this time not slipped between the buttons. it’s made of beige cotton and it could go down lower on the belly, the tie is here worn with American way. The mustard shirt M37 has no official color: 70 million shirts have been manufactured, the colors will vary from one manufacturer to another. It has 2 chest pockets to carry the wallet containing the military booklet or the medical booklet. The size will be caculated with the colar size and the length of the arm, possibly with the chest. Don’t pay attention to the length, which will be more important than our modern shirts. The M41 jacket was worn by all US ground troops, and thus largely reused by the 2nd Armored Division, when the mustard shirt was not worn alone, with the insignia placed on it. It has two slanted pockets on the side, and the open collar allows to see the tie, hence its importance, the French want to wear it even in combat. This is a Chinese reproduction having had a lousy green color, but its regular port has allowed the color to clear, making it more realistic. Epaulets are placed on the shoulders, allowing the officers to place their ranks. On the shoulder, we can find the insignia of the marines, in two parts: the curved part called “banana”, on which is written “FUSILIERS MARINS” is placed at the top, when the part of the badge with the two crossed anchors is placed in the middle of the biceps. On the left chest, we find the specific RBFM insignia, when on the right chest, we find the specific insignia of the 2nd Armored Division. Defaulted by all the officers on their outfit, the soldiers could also wear the red aiguillette of the legion of honor, authorized by General Leclerc after September 16th, 1944, when in light gear, therefore without the buckle and with the belt with the minimum equipment. The particularity of the Marines was to wear a bachis to differentiate them from the other corps of the 2nd DB. The pompom was intended, according to legend, to dampen shocks in the passageways of ships. The soldiers have also created a superstition with the ladies: touching the pompon would bring luck. It was only a strategy to flirt. The legend, here displayed, is “MARINE NATIONALE”, put into circulation on October 22nd, 1943, when before, we had “F.N.F.L. “. Warning, no legend “FUSILIERS MARINS” for the RBFM during the WW2. EQUIPMENT The RBFM troops being a motorized unit, wearing glasses was strongly recommended when traveling by vehicle. Thus, we could find all kinds of glasses including those used by motorcyclists before the war, the M35 model. This is a pair of post-war glasses, the original will have marked “inflammable” on the glass. To know that the rubber ages very badly and can leave traces when you carry it: thus, it’s necessary to leave the glasses away from hot (otherwise it will melt) and cold (otherwise it will crack). They can be stored in a box provided for this purpose. Since we are going on American equipment, we find the same type of webbing that US infantry soldiers could carry, except that they were rather lightened in equipment, the RBFM being an armored regiment. Thus, the rest of the equipment such as the havresack or the bags remained in the vehicles type GMC or Half-tracks. The webbing consisted of a pouch for Colt 1911 A1 mags in case of wearing this weapon, which contains two magazines, same capacity as the USM1 magazine holder next to it. The M1942 canteen and its cup, slipped into an M1910 cover is placed on the left rear of the M36 belt, on which the M36 suspenders will be fixed. The brown leather holster is placed on the right, and will contain a Colt 1911 A1. This is a reproduction of the brand Denix, you can find the review in the description. On the front, a first aid kit’s slipped in its M1924 pouch, so as to have easily accessible dressings. On a ring M36 will be placed a reproduction made in 3D printing of the grenade MKII A1. Staffed in the 2nd DB because the Americans preferred to take the Garand priority, the M1 carbine was also adopted by the Army Leclerc for its smaller size than the Garand. It was mainly produced by Winchester and Inland, and it was the most produced individual weapon during the World War II with 6.3 million units built. The magazines have a capacity of 15 cartridges of 7.62×33 and it weighs 2.52kg when loaded. This is a replica of Marushin airsoft including a post-war wood stock was adapted on it. Be careful with the model of your carbine, you will need to avoid the bayonet lug, the 4 holes on the upper handguard, and the adjustable sights. We are on a 1st type, so there is nothing of all that, the aim is by a oeilleton. You’ve seen a mustard set here, but the HBT pants or coveralls could be worn by French soldiers. All the elements that you could see is reproduction, except the suspenders, the canteen, and the leggings, hence the damaged lace. The bachis, the M35 glasses and the belt are post-war but remain compatible WW2 without major problem. Eventually, an M1 helmet could be worn in combat, replacing the bachis that would remain in the vehicle, but it was generally little appreciated by the French, the latter preferring to be easily identified by the local population. The carbine and the Colt 1911 A1 have already been shown in previous videos, you can find the link of the corresponding reviews in the description of this video. SUMMARY Mustard pants M37 was the most worn pants by the US infantry during the World War II, so it’s normal to find in French RBFM sailors, who have had access to stocks left available by the army US. It’s here with a US belt troop version made of woven fabric. It closes with buttons and a flap anti-gas will be found on some models, 2 buttons will be available in addition. The pants is normally slipped in the leggings, but it was possible to do the opposite, the armored troops needing to avoid the elements that hang on the vehicles. Recovered from the American army, the M1938 leggings come to make the junction between the mustard trousers M37 and the low boots, so as to avoid the sand and the water to come easily in the shoe. They are closed by laces to pass in eyelets and hooks. Then it will tie the lace at one end of the legging, pass the strap under the shoe, then close it by a loop. Take care to have spare lace, they wear out quickly with friction when tightening the leggings. The boots in russet leather or type 2 boots, are found mostly in the ranks of the sailors of the RBFM because they have been generally abandoned by US troops, who preferred the use of roughout leather low boots. They also strangely look to jump boots, advice if you want to hide them under your leggings (although I don’t recommend, the leather will be used). You have in front of you reproductions that have lived so much that they will soon end up on model. The sole is black rubber when the rest of the shoe is brown leather. Use brown shoe polish by “Baranne” to get that color. The mustard shirt M37 was, as for the trousers of the same name, regulatory throughout the US Army, so distributed in large quantities in the French ranks. It was nicknamed so because of its color, evoking mustard. It has two pockets, intended to receive small valuable documents, the pockets of the jacket M41 not being of a great reliability, these having no closure. Here it’s wearing a beige linen tie, knotted here in the American style, but it could go down lower on the belly. The M41 jacket was worn, once again, by all the infantry troops of the US Army. It was therefore, once again, logical to find it in the stores in which the French RBFM was sourcing. This jacket is equipped with French insignia: the insignia of the 2nd DB, the insignia of the RBFM, and the badge of the marines, present on the left shoulder. Note that it’s normal that the banana is away from cross anchors. As mentioned before, two slanting pockets are on the side, ideal for storing your hands more than for storing equipment. This is a Chinese copy that has been worn many times, giving it a nice beige color. Symbol of the French Navy, the bachis was made of navy blue wool, with a white chinstrap and a red pompom. The chinstrap was often placed on the top, but the wind during transport vehicles could fly the bachis, so it was time to fold it under the chin. The pompom was intended, according to legend, to damper in the passageways of boats. An old franc is placed below to protect the top of the skull from pompon’s pins, but also, according to legend, to bring luck when touched by a young lady. The M35 glasses are actually the recovery of old pre-war motorcycle goggles. As vehicle transport can be done at high speed, it was necessary to protect the eyes. Beware of the rubber of these glasses, it tends to age very badly, hence the traces on my bachis. The aiguillette of the legion of honor could be worn after September 1944, General Leclerc having authorized his port again after the first sanctions to frame the RBFM in his division. It’s worn under the left shoulder strap, and some may even place the RBFM insignia at its end. The webbing carried by the RBFM sailors could be very light, like a little more loaded. This is the heaviest version you can find. The pouch of Colt 1911 A1 mags is placed at the end, on the button placed on the belt. A USM1 carbine magazine pouch will be placed immediately next to it. The M1942 canteen, slidded in its cup, then in the M1910 cover, is fixed on the left rear flank of the M36 belt. The cover is a recovery of a US soldier, as evidenced by the old marking done by the previous owner. A brown leather holster can be worn to hold the Colt 1911 A1 on the right side of the webbing. The Colt was not systematic among all sailors. A first aid kit in its pouch M1924 will be found on the front of the webbing, so as to be easily accessible by a nurse in case of a wound. Everything will be supported by M36 suspenders, optional once again depending on the load of the belt. On this webbing will be placed a grenade MK II A1, reproduction made here in 3D printing. Grenades were however rarely worn: they were mainly remained in vehicles. The USM1 carbine was the most produced weapon during the World War II, so it was normal to find some in the RBFM, armored regiment, so having to have the most compact weapon possible. It’s chambered in .30 carbine, specific caliber for this weapon, caliber which had the reputation to be particularly weak in power. This is a replica of airsoft brand Marushin, you can find the full review by following the link in the description of this video. Note that the colt 1911 A1 was not systematic for all sailors, I chose to wear it here to help all the airsofteurs who wish to have a back-up. This is a replica of the Denix brand, the link of the review will also be in the description. Here’s what concludes this video, I hope you enjoyed it, if so, feel free to drop a thumbs up, comment, subscribe and share this video. Also check out my Tipeee page if you want to support me in my adventure! I want to thank Lupa, my dear friend, for his participation in the history of the RBFM. Check out the Facebook page description to see more pictures of reenactments. I give you appointment soon for a new airsoft replica, Denix replica video review, uniform or VIP video review! Bye ! Directed by Neo035 With the participation of Lupa (Les Marins de Leclerc) Thanks to Bernie Gunther for the glasses, Thanks to Echo for the grenade, Thanks to Jacques Maraval for the M1 carbine, Thanks to Lupa for his participation in the writing of the text Thanks to Mireille for the unicorn