Spina bifida (myelomeningocele, meningocele, occulta) – causes, symptoms, treatment

The term “spina bifida” comes from the latin “split spine,” which is actually a pretty good description, because spina bifida is a birth defect where the tissue on the left and right side of the back that normally come over the spinal cord to protect it, don’t completely meet up to form a nice seal, […]

Candidal Infections – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Candida is a yeast, not the maple syrup-loving country in North America – although Candida can be found in Canada as well! Candida sometimes causes a mild yeast infection, but in some situations, can get into the bloodstream and cause severe illness. Now, there are various types of Candida species, and over twenty of them […]

Treating HIV: Antiretroviral drugs | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

– [Voiceover] So let’s actually start this treatment video with just a quick refresher on how an HIV particle actually takes over one of your CD4 T-cells. So here you can see HIV meeting up with one of your CD4 T-cells, right? And then these proteins that are on both of them, they sort of […]

Cushing Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Cushing syndrome, named after the famous neurosurgeon, Harvey Cushing who first described it, is an endocrine disorder with elevated cortisol levels in the blood. In some cases, Cushing syndrome results from a pituitary adenoma making excess ACTH, and in those situations it’s called Cushing disease. Normally, the hypothalamus, which is located at the base of […]

Malaria – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Malaria is an infection that can be caused by a few different types of Plasmodium species, which are single-celled parasites that get spread around by mosquitoes. Once the plasmodium gets into the bloodstream, it starts to infect and destroy mainly liver cells and red blood cells, which causes a variety of symptoms and sometimes even […]

Heart failure treatment – Early stages | Circulatory System and Disease | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

– In the early stages of Heart Failure the patient might not even have symptoms. And they might only have risk factors for Heart Failure. This means that they probably have some kind of pre-existing condition that might, if you leave it unchecked, will lead to Heart Failure in the future. Or lead to worsening […]