Spina bifida (myelomeningocele, meningocele, occulta) – causes, symptoms, treatment

The term “spina bifida” comes from the latin “split spine,” which is actually a pretty good description, because spina bifida is a birth defect where the tissue on the left and right side of the back that normally come over the spinal cord to protect it, don’t completely meet up to form a nice seal, […]

Candidal Infections – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Candida is a yeast, not the maple syrup-loving country in North America – although Candida can be found in Canada as well! Candida sometimes causes a mild yeast infection, but in some situations, can get into the bloodstream and cause severe illness. Now, there are various types of Candida species, and over twenty of them […]

Cushing Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Cushing syndrome, named after the famous neurosurgeon, Harvey Cushing who first described it, is an endocrine disorder with elevated cortisol levels in the blood. In some cases, Cushing syndrome results from a pituitary adenoma making excess ACTH, and in those situations it’s called Cushing disease. Normally, the hypothalamus, which is located at the base of […]

Malaria – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Malaria is an infection that can be caused by a few different types of Plasmodium species, which are single-celled parasites that get spread around by mosquitoes. Once the plasmodium gets into the bloodstream, it starts to infect and destroy mainly liver cells and red blood cells, which causes a variety of symptoms and sometimes even […]

Overview of Invega a Prescription Medication Used to Treat Schizophrenia

Invega is a prescription medication used for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Invega belongs to a group of drugs called atypical antipsychotics. It may work by changing the activity of certain natural substances in the brain.This medication comes in an extended-release tablet form and an injectable form which is given directly into a […]

Symbicort a Medication Used to Prevent Breathing Difficulties COPD and Asthma – Overview

Symbicort, the brand name form of budesonide and formoterol, is a prescription medication used to prevent breathing difficulties, wheezing, and shortness of breath in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Symbicort contains two medications, budesonide, a steroid that decreases inflammation, and formoterol, which belongs to a group of drugs called beta agonists. Beta […]

Mitral Valve Stenosis Explained Clearly – Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Treatment

okay well to another MedCram lecture we’re going to talk about mitral stenosis we’re talking about the features the symptoms the physical diagnosis the diagnosis treatment and when to do surgery on mitral stenosis so almost all mitral stenosis is related to rheumatic heart disease remember what rheumatic heart disease is you have an infection […]

Epilepsy drugs: Seizure Medications: Benzodiazepine, Phenobarbitol, Ethosuximide, Valproate

Help Hippo: Help Support the Hippocratic Oath Our previous tutorials explained seizure classification, and the drugs to treat simple partial and complex partial seizures. Additional seizure drugs can be remembered by: “Barbara Valiantly Sucks Good-Pam” Phenobarbitol helps GABA activation – remember “NO BARB” – means do NOT use phenobarbitol unless you’re desperate, because there tends […]

Cerebral palsy (CP) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

It’s pretty well-established that your brain’s really important. It’s like, if your body was a computer, your brain’s the mainframe. It controls everything, whether you’re aware of it or not. Cerebral palsy means “brain disease causing paralysis”; so essentially, cerebral palsy refers to damage to the brain that causes loss of muscle control, like for […]