Spina bifida (myelomeningocele, meningocele, occulta) – causes, symptoms, treatment

The term “spina bifida” comes from the latin “split spine,” which is actually a pretty good description, because spina bifida is a birth defect where the tissue on the left and right side of the back that normally come over the spinal cord to protect it, don’t completely meet up to form a nice seal, […]

Candidal Infections – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Candida is a yeast, not the maple syrup-loving country in North America – although Candida can be found in Canada as well! Candida sometimes causes a mild yeast infection, but in some situations, can get into the bloodstream and cause severe illness. Now, there are various types of Candida species, and over twenty of them […]

Cushing Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Cushing syndrome, named after the famous neurosurgeon, Harvey Cushing who first described it, is an endocrine disorder with elevated cortisol levels in the blood. In some cases, Cushing syndrome results from a pituitary adenoma making excess ACTH, and in those situations it’s called Cushing disease. Normally, the hypothalamus, which is located at the base of […]

Malaria – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Malaria is an infection that can be caused by a few different types of Plasmodium species, which are single-celled parasites that get spread around by mosquitoes. Once the plasmodium gets into the bloodstream, it starts to infect and destroy mainly liver cells and red blood cells, which causes a variety of symptoms and sometimes even […]

Cerebral palsy (CP) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

It’s pretty well-established that your brain’s really important. It’s like, if your body was a computer, your brain’s the mainframe. It controls everything, whether you’re aware of it or not. Cerebral palsy means “brain disease causing paralysis”; so essentially, cerebral palsy refers to damage to the brain that causes loss of muscle control, like for […]

Thyroid cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland in the neck that produces thyroid hormones. If the cells of the thyroid gland start to divide uncontrollably, then that’s considered a thyroid cancer. Normally, the hypothalamus, which is located at the base of the brain, secretes thyrotropin-releasing hormone, or ΤRH, into the hypophyseal portal system – which […]

Serum Sickness – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Let’s imagine for a minute that you found yourself in the somewhat unfavorable position of having being bitten by a venomous snake. Now, to treat that, you might get injected with anti-venom, which is the serum, or just the liquid part of blood and it’s had the coagulation proteins removed, and it comes from another […]

Peptic ulcer disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Peptic refers to the stomach, and an ulcer is a sore or break in a membrane, so peptic ulcer […]

Acne vulgaris – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

learning medicine is hard work osmosis makes it easy it takes our lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos practice questions and flashcards and so much more try it free today with acne vulgaris acne means eruption and vulgaris means common so acne vulgaris is a common skin eruption that […]