Amnesia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

In the movie The Bourne Identity, CIA assassin Jason Bourne tells his new acquaintance Marie Kreutz about washing up on shore, unconscious, with two bullets in his back. He tells her that he can’t remember anything that happened before regaining consciousness, saying [Jason: No, I’m serious. I don’t know who I am, I don’t know […]

Endocarditis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Endocarditis means “inflammation of the inner layer of the heart”. The heart wall’s made up of three layers, the […]

Insomnia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Have you ever had one of those nights where you just couldn’t seem to fall asleep? While that happens to everyone every once in awhile, people with insomnia have to deal with these symptoms night after night. Some people with insomnia have trouble falling asleep, whereas others wake up throughout the night, and struggle to […]

Influenza – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Influenza, the virus that causes the flu, is one of the most common infectious diseases. Now, there are three […]

Transverse myelitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! The name of the disorder transverse myelitis can be broken down. Transverse means extending completely across something – in […]

Psoriasis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Psoriasis is a non-contagious, chronic autoimmune disease that causes skin inflammation, and is linked to other autoimmune deficiencies such as psoriatic arthritis. It can be incredibly itchy and form silver plaques on the skin that can be embarrassing, and have both physical and psychological effects. Afflicted reality TV star Kim Kardashian, and singer Cyndi Lauper […]

Rheumatic fever & heart disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! “Rheumatism” is used to describe inflammation in the joints, muscles, and the fibrous tissue, so rheumatic fever is a […]

Myelofibrosis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Myelofibrosis is a disease in which the bone marrow gets replaced by connective tissue in a process called fibrosis. Since the bone marrow’s main role is to produce erythrocytes, or red blood cells; leukocytes, or white blood cells; and thrombocytes, or platelets, the process of fibrosis interferes with production of these cell types. Now, many […]

Pleural Effusion – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

“Pleural” refers to the space between the chest cavity and the lungs, and “effusion” refers to a collection of fluid, so a pleural effusion is when a disease process causes fluid to start to collect in the pleural space, which can sometimes restrict lung expansion. The pleural cavity or pleural space lies between the parietal […]

Bell’s Palsy – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Bell’s palsy, named after the surgeon Charles Bell who first described it, is when there’s weakness or paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face, caused by damage to the seventh cranial nerve, which is the facial nerve. The underlying cause of cranial nerve damage is idiopathic which means it’s unknown, so when […]