Tankiste US 1944 – Review d’uniforme


Hello everyone and welcome to this new uniform presentation video. Today I’m going to show you the 1944 tanker uniform, tank commander of the US 4th Armored Division. First of all, I have to, as usual, warn you on certain points. This video is only a base for you to build your uniform. This isn’t a bible that will save you from researching books, magazines or the Internet. I don’t pretend to know everything, if you have any remarks, it’s that perhaps, you know more than me, if it’s the case, don’t hesitate to leave a comment, so that we can all learn. But check your sources! I will only show what I am wearing to save you a 2 hours video. Go in the description, there is a link: it’s “La Petite Musette”, my partner for this video, you will find some elements that come from this shop, they are also noted with the corresponding link. These elements are among others that I will present: in the description with the corresponding time. Historical of the 4th AD The 4th Armored Division was activated on April 15, 1941 with 3,800 men, then reinforced to reach 10,000 a month and a half later, under the command of Brigadier General Baird. In May and June 1942, it was organized as a fully armored division under the command of Major General John Shirley Wood. In mid-November 1942, the division is transferred DTC. Desert Training Center. What did you expect? It’s at the end of December 1943 that the 4th armored division leaves Boston to join England to prepare the invasion in Normandy. The 4th US DB arrives in Utah Beach on July 11, and had its first fights on the 17th. They join the 7th Expeditionary Force for Operation Cobra on July 28, 1944, and they are the ones who secure the Coutances area. The 4th US DB had several nicknames within the US Army: The Rolling 4th, the Flying 4th, the Phantom 4th, the Ghost Division or even the Fire Alarm Division On the side of the Germans, we had the American elite 4th armored division, or even more soberly “Roosevelt’s Butchers”. The division was then sent to the South, it liberated Rennes then continued towards Nantes, to cut Brittany on August 12, 1944. It continued its route towards the East, skirting the north of the Loire to finally arrive on September 11, 1944 in Moselle. They skirted Nancy before liberating Luneville on September 16, and fought several Panzergrenadier brigades, including the 49th and 51st SS Panzergrenadier Brigades at the same time, beating them while the Germans were in numerical superiority. This thanks to tactics learned in training. After maintaining a line of defense between Metz and Nancy between September 27 and October 11, 1944, the 4th US DB was able to rest, before returning to action on November 9, 1944 with many skirmishes that lasted until December 8, when the 4th US DB was raised in the area. It was at this moment that the division received 2 war crosses with palm, and the French cordon of the cross of war. The second in command (then the commander), General John Shirley Wood, received the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions. His tactics were inspired by that of Rommel during the desert war: stay close to the front, and use a small Piper as a liaison plane to be fast when transmitting orders. The battle of the Ardennes exploded then, and it’s December 18, 1944, 2 days after the beginning of the counter-offensive of Hitler, that the 4th armored division entered the battle in spurts, traversing 240km in 19 hours. The 4th US DB, spearhead of the 3rd Army of Patton, under the command of the new commander Maj. Gen. Hugh Gaffey, breaks the encirclement in Bastogne on December 26, 1944. Thus, the 101st Airborne Division was relieved after several days of total encirclement. The division commander, General Gaffey, received a congratulatory letter from General Patton, congratulating him on his heroism for saving the 101st Airborne. The 4th US DB was then the first US armored division to obtain the PUC. It was 6 weeks later that the 4th DB left Luxembourg to cross the Moselle, then the Rhine on 24-25 March 1945. The tanks continued to advance through Germany until 4 April, when they released the Ohrdruf concentration camp, which is the first Nazi camp liberated by US troops. They were able to continue to progress, being reassigned to the 12th Corps on April 30, 1945, to be Czechoslovakia on May 6, 1945. During the war, the division received many individual decorations, especially 3 Medal of Honor, the highest American military decoration. The losses of the 4th Armored amounted to 1,143 dead, 4,551 wounded, 65 missing and 453 prisoners. Uniform You have already been able to discover the uniform used by US tankers at the end of the Second World War. Here is the rest of this video by presenting a new version that will be more suitable for the entire campaign led by Americans in Europe. This outfit is only a proposal, obviously, many other configurations are possible, the tankers not having a typical outfit and many fantasies being tolerated. Mustard pants M37 was created, as the name suggests, in 1937 and was nicknamed well thanks to the color of its wool. It has two side pockets, two pockets at the back, and a small pocket at the front is provided for a pocket watch, a tradition that continues today on our pants. An anti-gas flap is found at the front, but all were not filled, this change appeared in 1943. Some trousers have also been “converted” with a flap added after manufacture, recognizable by the color difference between the flap and trousers. It’s completed by a canvas belt dedicated to the troop, to slide in passers intended for. This is a reproduction of high quality, voluntarily carried out while I also have an original. US type III boots, also known as “roughtout leather boots”, were the regulatory shoes of the US Army. Their beige color at the time of the reception is, for its part, not realistic at all, you will have to use the same techniques of the time to treat them: Oil of beef foot, applied with a brush, then a little brown shoe polish (to dye the seams), to finish with impregnite, a waterproofing paste which will come to protect your shoe. I used the original impregnite and I wore them several days on the battlefield to get this result. The sole is rubber, as at the time, and you must wear your shoes every day for several years before feeling damage. These boots come from the shop “La Petite Musette”. The M1938 leggings are originals on which a lace will have been passed. The latter is an original also, but doesn’t come from the same pair, hence the difference in color. Tip: start tying and tightening your leggings from the top, so you finish at the bottom and pinch the excess lace at the loop. Tie a knot at each end of the lace to prevent you from starting the lacing again from the beginning each time. Think of my mnemonic way to avoid putting your gaiters upside down: OBRHAT. Outer Buckles, Rear Hooks, Avoid Troubles. The mustard shirt M37, appeared at the same time as the pants of the same name, was found throughout the conflict with different versions and different fabrications. It’s inseparable from the US soldier, because used regardless of the uniform worn, including the outfit. Between 1937 and 1941, the wearing of the tie was mandatory when the shirt was worn alone. 3 major versions were made of this shirt: 1937, 1941 and 1943. But by misuse of language, this shirt will be called by everyone M37. It has two chest pockets for carrying wallet and small document. Here, the soldier’s wallet containing his identity papers and money will be stored. Advice for reenactors: carry your civilian wallet in one of these pockets. Unlike the jacket that can be worn over, you will rarely separate your mustard shirt. So the risk of theft will be lower. All HBT (Herringbone-Twill) type clothing was originally identified as workwear. This outfit was meant to be worn over woolen clothes. Thus, there was a shirt, pants but also an overall. This is closed by means of black painted buttons: they are distributed: one on the right, one on the left. This overall will often be used by motorized troops, who carried little equipment. The bottom of the sleeves of the suit is folded because the suit is loose, although it’s my size, the suit voluntarily trimming large to be placed over the whole wool M37 without compressing the soldier. Pockets are located at the front: one on the left chest (which closes) and one on each thigh that have a flap but no lock button. A pocket will be located on the right buttock, it also doesn’t close. Bags without flaps are placed on the side of the thighs so that they can slide cables with their plugs when they are not connected to the vehicle. Buttons are used to tighten the trouser sleeves (I don’t use them) and the top sleeves, which I used here because I want to wear a jacket over it. The tank jacket, also called Combat Winter Jacket, is a derivative of the M41 jacket. The shoulder pads have been removed and the jacket can be closed to the neck with a zipper. This jacket was used by many tank crews, this one being warmer than an M41 jacket. It has two side pockets (angled) to put your hands in case of gust of wind. The sleeves have an elastic part, like the A2 leather, so as to keep the body warm. The bottom is also reinforced with an elastic. It has a knit inside to keep the heat to the maximum. This jacket is a high quality reproduction from the “La Petite Musette” store, as indicated by the label on the collar. I had to “damage” it before shooting this video, to do this, I treated my boots above the jacket and I used shoe polish to finish the patina. To mimic blood stains? Cherry wood stain. When drying, it takes the same color as the blood. Use sparingly however. On this vest are mounted 3 insignia: a pair of sergeant rank, sewn midway between the shoulder and elbow, and the badge of the US 4th Armored Division, sewn at 1.27cm from the seam of the shoulder. Equipment The cavalry gloves were made of beige leather with an iron buckle at the end, to have a minimum wrist tightening. Tankers have them endowed to easily handle shells, tank pebbles or caterpillar skates, all without much damage to the hands. Use shoe polish for “damage” them if you don’t have oil on hand. The M36 belt was the belt distributed to all US troops that were not equipped with rifles. Here our tank will never have a rifle and it’s therefore equipped with this belt with eyelets. A single equipment will be transported, the rest being in or on the tank: the First Aid Kit slipped into its M1924 pouch. It will be placed on the front so as to be accessible quickly in case of injury. The belt will be placed under the tank jacket, which is too short to allow the belt to be worn correctly over it. Worn over the tank jacket for the gun to be quickly accessible, the chest holster is made of brown leather and lets slip a colt 1911 inside. The first version didn’t have the strap around the torso, it’s much more convenient to avoid losing the holster leaning. Be careful, the black versions will be for vietnam, only take brown. Don’t hesitate to use and abuse neatsfoot oil to maintain and nourish the leather, which will have the effect of darkening it, especially if your case is tan leather. In this case is slipped a Colt 1911 A1, here brand KWC version 100th anniversary of 2017 cold blued. The Colt 1911 A1 was the weapon of the US Army, chosen for its precision, but especially for its caliber, the .45 being what was more powerful at that time for a handgun. Its magazine contains 7 cartridges and it was possible to shoot Thompson or Grease Gun ammunition when needed, the gun being sturdy enough to fire them, unlike the German Luger, which could not use MP40 cartridges. A magazine M1918 pouch, recognizable with its two snaps (when the next version will have only one) is slid on the strap around the soldier, so as to have magazines quickly accessible. The M1938 tank helmet is the result of a project launched that same year to equip the armored troops with a protection that allows them to wear the HS-23 (consisting of two R-14 earphones) without having to deal with a heavy helmet, which would be deadly in the cockpit of a tank. Thus American football helmets were derived in helmet to protect themselves to the fullest. It has holes on the top to allow aeration of the head (to avoid fogging when glasses are worn) and earphones are connected directly to the audio jack of the tank with a suitable extension Polaroid 1021 sunglasses are worn overhead so that our tank commander isn’t bothered by the dust or mud raised by the tank preceding it. These are original, the rubber of the glasses is still in good condition. It must be flexible to allow changing plastic, different filters are available. The tank helmet offers no protection against mortar shells, shells, or even against bullets, the M1 heavy helmet could come to cap the tanker helmet, it turns into a liner. Of course, the original liner was stored in the tank, so that it could abandon the tank and save the wearing of the tank helmet, less comfortable to wear than the heavy helmet. This helmet shell M1 is an original, as evidenced by its ring front and serial number, but we should rather, to represent the time of Normandy, have fixed bails, while they are here mobile. A canvas chinstrap is sewn on them and fastened to the back, as all the US do, this one being only rarely used for the chin. A horizontal band is present at the back to symbolize the fact that our man is a non-commissioned officer. The binoculars are used here by our tanker because he is tank commander. On the other hand, the leather case will be kept inside the tank, and it’s only occasionally that this sergeant will carry his binoculars, it’s necessary to avoid to carry too much equipment inside the tank, which could slow down movements in case of urgent evacuation of the vehicle. These are US Type E 30×6 binoculars, made by Bausch & Lomb in Rochester, USA, during the 1st World War. They were then reused during the 2nd war until the middle of the war. But our sergeant chose to keep them, although he had the opportunity to take more recent ones. When the tank was damaged or immobilized, the tanker had to become again a pedestrian and had to be prepared to carry magazines and thus allow him to join his lines. That’s why our sergeant carries Grease Gun mags in a magazines bag, originally intended for a Thompson. Note that Grease Gun magazines are longer and larger than Thompson magazines. When 6 Thompson magazines go into the bag, only 4 Grease Gun magazines will be possible. You could see the headphones used to receive the sound, let’s look now at the show. Throughout the war, US soldiers used the SW-141 switch, hung around the neck with a small leather strap, attached to the box by a ring and a clip. A plug allows to connect to the tank, when the other plug allows to connect the small laryngophone T30, to install around the neck, placed on the throat. A button is placed on the side of the case: the press allowed to open the frequency and to speak to be heard by his comrades of tank or to the group, according to the frequency chosen in the radio of the tank. Mine isn’t 100% complete, it misses the small latch to lock the button in “pressed” mode. The tank commander being the most senior, it’s also the one who had the most chances of survival in the event of a hit. Thus, to avoid being stuck to the tank because of the switch SW-141 and the laryngophone, some preferred to use a microphone that was held by hand. The latter could hang on the turn of the shot, but usually had his place in the tank. This last location also avoided multiplying the necklaces around the neck. The microphone T17 had a button on the left side to talk about the frequencies set in the tank. The overcrowding and the high manufacturing cost of the Thompson M1A1 prompted the US Army to design, by 1943, a replacement machine pistol with the same ammunition, in .45ACP, but with a lower rate, so as to be more precise. Indeed, although effective, the Thompson isn’t accurate beyond 50m when you shoot your 5th shot in burst mode. Thus was born the PM M3, nicknamed “Grease Gun” by the soldiers for its look like atrociously a grease pump. Despite its original look, its total length of 75cm once the stick was unfolded was appreciated by paratroopers and tankers. It was 58cm once the butt folded. In 1943, it cost $13 to produce, unlike the Thompson, which cost twice as much. It seems that few staff had a Grease Gun at the time of the landing, she arrived gradually on the front in the weeks that followed, because its accuracy has allowed the Grease Gun to be known. An improved version was developed end of 1944, it’s the one that you can find in the first tanker uniform presentation I could offer you. You have in front of you a uniform made up of 50% copy only for once. Indeed, all the audio devices are original, as well as the glasses, the binoculars, the first aid kit (contained in the pouch which is a copy), and the leggings. The helmet is an original repainted (the paint was very ugly when purchased) and the belt is just after the war. Obviously, I don’t advise the use of all these devices in airsoft, it would be a pity to damage them. Tell yourself that these devices were kept on the tanker only when there was a tank nearby, to connect to. Otherwise, it remained in the bag or the tank. The Grease Gun could be stored in the tank because of its small size, and the soldier would get it back when he was to become a pedestrian again. This is an airsoft gun from the brand ICS, perfectly reproducing the features of the original M3, including the side arming lever. An USM1’s sling has been added and it has been repainted in places to fit as much as possible to reality. Summary Standard shoes of the US Army throughout the Second World War, the roughout leather boots were accompanied by leggings M1938, allowing a minimum of impermeability in the shoe, and to protect themselves from sand and branches. A cheaper alternative to boots. The shoes are made of a leather upper, and the sole is molded rubber. Cotton laces come in 2 rows of 7 eyelets. Your shoes should be treated regularly with neatsfoot oil, shoes polish and impregnite, or modern waterproofing. The leggings have different sizes, it should be monitored before purchase, otherwise appear perfectly ridiculous. The shirt and trousers M37 mustard was made the same year with the same materials in order to constitute the uniform of the soldiers, whatever their weapon of attachment. This set will evolve throughout the war, including the addition of an anti-gas flap on the shirt and pants. A US troop canvas belt will be added, the basic mustard pants not being designed to receive straps. This set was worn as a main outfit, possibly with the addition of a jacket and over-pants over it, such as HBT or M42 pants for paratroopers. Dog tags are placed here on the shirt, allowing the identification of the soldier in life, but especially in death. Made in lattice-type material, the HBT overall was more easily worn by specialized technicians who had to get into mechanics, and whose practical use of a shirt and trousers could be compromised, this set being placed over the whole mustard wool. It’s equipped with a belt at the waist, a pocket on the left chest, which is also the only pocket that can close on the entire suit. A word of advice: when you receive your overall, pass it to the washing machine in order to lighten it a little, and don’t hesitate to dirty it. Here, I had the opportunity to wear it on several occasions. I voluntarily folded the bottom of the pants, the cut is quite wide, despite my size. What is normal, since it’s a combination placed over clothing, it would be a shame that it squeezes too much. Called “tank jacket”, this jacket was actually called “winter jacket”, because more adapted to the cold than the classic jacket M41. There were two models, here is the 2nd, the first having straight pockets with flap. I added the ring on the zipper of the closure for better handling with gloves. The jacket has sergeant insignia, sewn midway between the elbow and the shoulder. A badge of the US 4th Armored Division is on the left shoulder, 1.27cm from the seam. To imitate blood stains, I recommend the cherry color wood stain. The jacket comes, as its label indicates, the store “La Petite Musette”. The belt worn by all American soldiers when they were not equipped with Garand or BAR was the belt M36, with many eyelets on 3 lines, and a snap at one end. A first aid kit metal is contained in pouch M1924 disposed at one end of the belt. This first-aid kit was rarely intended for other soldiers, but rather for its wearer if it was to be injured. Reserved for mounted troops, the cavalry gloves have been massively reused by the entire US Army to protect a minimum hands when handling messy objects, sharp or very hot. The M7 holster was used when it was not possible to wear the classic belt holster. The armored troops must be as thin as possible to pass easily in the traps of the tanks, the belt holster would have been an obstacle that could block a rapid evacuation of the tank. A magazine M1918 pouch is slid on the leather strap for quick access. The Colt 1911 A1 was the standard weapon of the entire US Army, renowned for its power and robustness. This is the model 100 anniversary parkerized proposed by KWC, which I completely stripped and cold blued. You will find the link of the review in the description of this video. Inspired by the American football helmet to cushion shocks, the M1938 tank helmet was designed to protect the head more effectively than the heavy helmet in the confined spaces of armored vehicles. In the mobile side parts are stored R-14 headphones, connected to an extension to connect directly to the radio of the tank, to manage the audio. Polaroid 1021 glasses are placed on the top of the helmet, the elastic being stuck in the different leather parts of the tank helmet. The headphones are here a reproduction, but the headphones and the glasses are original pieces. The polaroid glasses had the particularity of having several plastic color filters, allowing the vision to adapt more easily for a better acuity. Thus we have a green filter, for the classic light of the day; we have a dark green filter, corresponding to particularly sunny days; and finally we have a red filter, or “dark adapter”, for better night vision. Each filter replaces the basic plastic and is interchangeable on the rubber mount. The heavy M1 helmet was used in battle to protect the head more effectively than the tanker helmet. The liner could be added in case the tanker became pedestrian again, hence its presence in the tank. The heavy helmet here has a horizontal band at the back, attesting that our soldier is a NCO. It’s a helmet that has been repainted and ‘Cork’ dust has been incorporated into the olive green paint, the original color being awful. Repaint original helmets only if necessary. This is an original helmet, as evidenced by the ring at the front and the serial number. A tank commander had to have a pair of binoculars, which will be stored in the tank in a dedicated location. On the other hand, if the soldier found himself pedestrian, he could keep them around his neck thanks to the leather strap. Some models were graduated, which isn’t the case here, it’s twins first war, reused by some soldiers during the 2nd war. They have American markings, and have a brass color, unlike the WW2 models that will all be black. The case, not shown here, may have a compass embedded on the lid. The SW141 was the switch used by all armored troops during the Second World War. We say “switch”, but it only manages the voice, and is independent of the reception. A push button was used to open the frequency, and a latch, alas missing on my original model, to lock the button in ON mode, so as not to press in prolonged manually when there is a long briefing to be done to his crew. The voice was picked up by two microphones housed in a T30 laryngophone, tied around the neck with an elastic band. It’s connected to the SW141 by means of a small 2-legged plug. Another element used to communicate within a tank or a squad, the microphone T17 was held by hand and was therefore used only by the tank commander, who has the luxury of having a hand of free, when the other crew members remained in a “hands-free” kit. A button should be pressed on the side to open the communication, and a collar of the same type as that used for the SW141 was placed on a ring, secured with a small metal clip. This is again an original equipment. The M3 submachine gun was highly appreciated by armored crews for its precision and caliber. However, the aesthetic was mocked, hence the creation of the nickname “Grease Gun”, which remains until today. The M3 was equipped with a side arming lever, unlike its next version, and 30 cartridge magazines of .45ACP were supplied with the weapon. To transport them, there was only the musette GP or the magazine bag from the Thompson. The Grease gun bag has only arrived after the war. So be careful not to make the mistake. It will be possible to carry 4 magazines, no more, these being longer than those of the Thompson. This is a Grease Gun brand ICS slightly reworked. Here is what concludes this uniform presentation video. I hope you enjoyed it, if so, don’t hesitate to leave a comment, a blue thumb, to subscribe and share this video. If you want to support me in this adventure, I invite you to discover my page TIPEEE, the link is in the description. The more donations, the more videos! I would also like to thank my partner for this video, the store “La Petite Musette”, without whom this video would not have been so detailed. The link of the shop is in the description. As for me, I give you RDV soon for a next presentation video of DENIX replica, airsoft replica, uniform or VIP review! Bye! Directed by Neo035 With the s of Mireille, Doc Mat and Yves Thanks to “La Petite Musette” for its support Thanks to the tipers: Do you want a special cheap effect? Trust me!