To Serve, Protect, and Treat: Law Enforcement and Treatment Courts Webinar


Hello and welcome. Thank you for joining us today. My name is Zephi Francis and I’m a researcher
at the Justice Programs Office at American University. I’m also a member of the National Drug Court
Resource Center. We are located in Washington, DC. Today, I have the honor to host our webinar
on Law Enforcement and Treatment Courts. In the past, my colleagues conducted an informal
survey to find out what topics treatment court professionals wanted to learn about. And law enforcement was a very popular topic. So, I’m very excited to hear from our presenters
today. Before I introduce the speakers, I just want
to go over the process for the webinar. Everyone is muted. If you have a question or comment, please
feel free to use the Q&A chat box at the bottom of your screen. I should also mention that this webinar is
being live captioned. So, if you want to access that feature, click
the multimedia icon. This webinar is also being recorded and will
be posted to the YouTube page for the Justice Programs Office and also added to NDCRC.org. At the end of the presentation, there will
be a brief survey to fill out. Please complete the survey, because it will
help us improve future webinars. Lastly, we want to thank our funding agency,
BJA.Now, I’ll introduce the speakers. Ronald Thrasher is the director of the forensic
psychology program at Oklahoma State University. He will discuss the role of law enforcement
in treatment court programs. Next, Alex Casale is the statewide specialty
courts coordinator in New Hampshire. His presentation will focus on engagement
strategies to increase participation from law enforcement. Jac Charlier is the national director for
the Justice Initiatives Center for Health & Justice at TASC. He will discuss education and training approaches
to inform law enforcement about treatment services. Our last presenter will be Kallie Steffens
who is the drug court coordinator for the Second Circuit Drug Court in South Dakota. I want to thank all the presenters for their
willingness to participate. I must give a special shout out to Kallie
who is filling in for Michelle Boyd who is a law enforcement officer in South Dakota. Lastly, we’ll wrap up with Q&A session. Before I turn the mic over to the speakers,
I would like to give a brief overview of NDCRC. The NDCRC is a project with a mission to provide
resources to treatment court professionals. We offer an array of services. If you go to the website NDCRC.org, you’ll
see that we have a resource collection. We have hundreds of resources that are relevant
to the treatment court field. As I prepared for this webinar, I did a keyword
search for law enforcement and multiple documents popped up. Recently, we added a section on the website
where you can search for bills related to problem-solving courts. We have a map where we display the count of
drug courts in each state. We also plan and organize webinars frequently. On our website, you can sign up for the newsletter
and listserv. We have an active online community of information
sharing. We also attend national and state conferences
to share resources, present research, or moderate panels. If you ever need our assistance, please feel
free to reach out to us at [email protected] First up we have Ron Thrasher and he’s going
to discuss the role of law enforcement in treatment court programs. The mic is all yours, Ron.Yes. Can we move to the next slide? My name is Dr. Ron Thrasher. In addition to currently being the director
of the forensic psychology program at the Oklahoma State University’s Center for Health
Sciences, it’s important to know that I previously served and am a retired 35-year
law enforcement officer and I am the first and continuous president of the board of directors
of Oklahoma’s first therapeutic court program. As we begin thinking about the roles of law
enforcement, whether that be corrections, whether it be police officers, whether it
be probation or parole officers or maybe a non-sworn position in those agencies, we can
look at this from a variety of different roles. There’s a role that the officer plays for
the treatment team. There’s a role that the officer plays for
the client. And there’s also a role that the officer plays
for him or herself. Next slide please. As far as roles, concerning roles for the
treatment team, the first role that I would like to visit with you about is the role of
an information provider. Law enforcement officers regardless of their
background almost always have access to criminal records. Many of these records are public records and
can be accessed by other members of the drug court team. Arrest records, sometimes not. Sometimes arrest records are only available
to law enforcement personnel, as are juvenile records. Suspect records. An individual might have been a client of
your therapeutic program. May have been a suspect in an offense. And a permanent record might not have been
made. This becomes valuable treatment information
for the drug court team. Other records that are available to law enforcement
personnel are what we call FI or field interview reports. This can be something as simple as a patrol
officer, for example, driving down the street and seeing a client out after curfew or see
a client associating with other known drug or substance abuse dealers or in a situation
that would violate their conditions of parole or their conditions of assignment to the drug
court team. Confidential informant records. Many times, somebody may be employed as a
confidential informant to an investigator that is investigating a drug case that may
have information about a client that can be very important to the treatment team. And the other information that many law enforcement
personnel are very much attuned to are changes in drug usage, distribution patterns, trend
patterns, law enforcement officers are often times in direct contact with emergency room
personnel, juvenile probation, parole officers, officers in other agencies and are the first
to see changes in drug trends, drug uses within their community. Cops find people, that’s kind of what police
officers do many times as well as probation and parole officers, correctional officers. This can be very valuable to a missing client. Keep in mind that your law enforcement or
partner team members, they work 24/7. And when they are off duty, their buddies
are on duty. Also, computer aided dispatch. Many of our moderate and large size law enforcement
agencies utilize a system called computer aided dispatch, whereby when a person comes
up or is entered into the system, all their acquaintances, all the previous contacts,
all the previous calls for services to that particular location are many times there. And that law enforcement officer may be on
home visits or in the courtroom itself. It provides a security function. It’s interesting that when that law enforcement
officer maybe goes out with a case manager or treatment provider or maybe another team,
another member of the drug court team, that law enforcement officer is looking for things
that that other person may not be aware of. It may not seem important to see a baseball
bat leaning behind the door. And if there’s a glove and ball and mitt there
and it’s left so it wouldn’t be forgotten at the next practice, it may not be important. But that law enforcement officer is trained
and keys into those things that may provide a security risk for other members of the team
who are there. Next slide please. The officer also provides roles for the client. It is the police officer that knows who is
looking for a job, who may not even be having posted or advertised for a job. It’s that police officer, it’s that correction
or probation officer that has contacts within the community to actually vouch for a client
looking for a job. To be able to say listen maybe this person
is under court supervision, but this person is being drug tested on a daily or weekly
basis. This person is visiting one-on-one in front
of the judge and this person is under very, very tight supervision and certainly has the
skills to provide a real service to your company or business. Many times, law enforcement officers are very
instrumental in providing transportation. Particularly in a university or college community
or young community, the police bicycle impound lot. Police departments are looking for places
to get rid of these bicycles that have been found, turned in, or abandoned. And many times, the 10 speed or 15 speed bicycle
for a therapeutic treatment client not only can provide transportation but can also provide
an incentive for sobriety or for good behavior. Another role for the client is a family resource. It is the police officer, the probation officer,
the community member that actually knows the community services that are available to that
client. And an area that we don’t really think about
much is that officer provides an alibi service. I never really noticed this until visiting
with my oldest son one time and I said you know, I know that, I heard through the grapevine,
through other officers that you were invited to a drug party, what’s the deal? He said dad, I had a perfect excuse. I told them my father is a cop and he knows
everything that goes on and I couldn’t go even if I wanted to. But dug court clients, sometimes, do the same
thing. This provides them an alibi. You know, hey, if I mess up, I go straight
to jail. I may be in a post plea program where I don’t
even get to go to trial. And a good friend of mine who’s worked many,
many years in a drug court program, often, puts up a picture of a sign that she saw on
one of her client’s door that said, warning, drug court client, frequent police visits. Or the drug court client or therapeutic client
that says hey listen, I really need a home visit at 6:00 o’clock tonight. Well, obviously some people were coming over
and they didn’t want to violate the terms of their treatment. Next slide please. Roles for the officer. You know, it is fascinating to me to watch
an officer mature and develop from this many times book them or bury them, this John Wayne
stereotypical police perspective. To that officer that may go in for a visit
or an unannounced home visit and they may see some wacky weed or they may see some drug
paraphernalia or something like that on the table and to have this officer say well let
me make a case, let me seize the drugs, let me put them in property and then maybe we
need to make a recommendation for the judge that hey maybe a different treatment strategy
or maybe some increased home visits or maybe a little more closer supervision. And watch this transition in police officers’
attitudes, values, and belief systems, it’s just remarkable. Drug courts, therapeutic courts, mental health
courts, all the different treatment courts that we have available now provides countless
opportunities for law enforcement training. This gives a unique aspect to law enforcement
training not seen in the traditional first responder training that many of our officers
experience. Professional development. Law enforcement officers really want to look
at themselves much less as technicians and blue-collar workers and much more as professional
individuals as they truly, truly are. You know, working with professional individuals,
working with lawyers, working with physicians, you know, working with judicial individuals,
networking within the community, these are all opportunities for professional development. Not only for them but for the professionals
as well. And finally, this is an opportunity for this
officer to give back. Research has indicated that the two strongest
correlators for somebody wanting to enter the field of law enforcement is either 1)
having a close relative or friend in the field where they know very well what the field is
about or that altruistic tendencies, I want to do good and I want to give back and this
is certainly an opportunity to do that. In Oklahoma we spend almost $20,000 a year
putting people in prison. My personal values, my personal opinions,
you know, we send a lot of people to prison because we are mad at them. We need to change that attitude. We need to be utilizing prisons for people
we are afraid of, rather than people we are mad at. We spend $20,000 putting somebody in prison. We spend $5,000 to $7,000 a year putting somebody
in treatment. Other states maybe are not as bad as Oklahoma. But our state is broke and not only is this
a cost saving but a saving in personnel, it’s a saving in families. It is giving back and saving lives. We are providing opportunities to communities
and obviously we are providing something to the family as well. Next slide. That is pretty much what I have for you. We will have an opportunity for questions
later, I believe. Thank you very much.Thank you so much, Ron. Next, we have Alex. He’ll talk about engagement strategies to
increase participation from law enforcement.Thank you. Can everybody hear me? Am I on? Okay.Yup. You’re on.So, I just wanted to start off
by saying my name is Alex Casale. I’m the state coordinator for New Hampshire. I’ve been in in this role for just under
two years. Before that I had coordinated a local drug
court here in the state for about nine years or so. And I’ve been the case manager for a while. I was also a correctional officer for about
four or five years. And now that I’m the state coordinator, I
go back to the corrections academy and I train all of the jail officers. So, over the past four years or so since I
have been doing that, most of the officers now in the state have drug court, mental health
court, behavior modification, community corrections training on you know, the populations that
are going to be coming in and out of the jails and state prison and you know, why somebody
that’s in a program might be coming back time after time after time, but only for a
day or two here or there. So, with that being said, I will move on to
the next slide. So, how to engage law enforcement? So, some of the things that I have done is
have informational meetings. And this could be for a new court that is
going to be up and running or could be for an existing court that has been around for
a while. There might be some turnover, whether it be
at the local drug court or it might be at some of the police stations around. It is always a good idea to invite some of
the local chiefs and state police sheriffs, jail, probation, parole for kind of an informational
meeting. Let everybody know who you are, what you do,
if you have any kind of statistics, talk about those things. And also to have the information come out
from somebody that is well respected, well respected officer in the area and/or the judge. Because I’ve called meetings like that before
back when I was a case manager and you know, a couple people show up. But if the sheriff is on board and the sheriff
sends the invitation out, then you might have 25 or 30 people in the room, law enforcement
officers in the room there to hear what the sheriff has to say and then what the drug
court would also like to say about their particular program. And then just to supply food and/or coffee. That’s always a benefit when you’re going
to be having a meeting. If it’s a brown bag, you know, you can maybe
supply sodas and coffee, and stuff like that. Or if it’s a morning meeting you know, you
can spend a couple dollars and get some muffins and bagels and things like that, and some
coffee. You know, it can help draw some of the officers
in, or other people in that might not be officers but might have an interest just to hear what
you guys have to say. And what I found has also been really effective
in those meetings is having a law enforcement officer in the room that is currently working
with a treatment court. Maybe they are doing the presentation or maybe
they are just there in the audience to help answer questions because I can go up in front
and I can talk about our program or you know, a program on the other side of the state,
but it means a lot more when there’s another officer in the room who has done the work,
who has been there, who’s done that and is saying no, this is beneficial, this is
great. You know, we have had a tremendous impact
on our community. We have a couple officers that have been to
one of the most recent ones that I hosted, and he tells a really compelling story. And to hear it from him is much more impactful
than to hear it from me. But, obviously, he’s not on the webinar,
but I’ll share his story. He basically said that in his jurisdiction,
he knows that if there’s 100 burglaries going on in a particular year, it is not 100 different
individuals, it’s probably about ten people. And they are each committing about ten burglaries. So, once they started a drug court up in that
local community and they started putting all of their people into the program that you
know, were suffering from substance use disorder, but were committing a lot of burglaries, their
burglaries went way down. And that’s something that you, you know,
it means a lot coming from the line officer who is out there arresting people as opposed
from me. So, bring a fellow law enforcement officer
with you to one of those meetings. And then have informational fliers, written
materials, handouts, statistics, any of that stuff to give to the officers while you are
talking or leave them at the front so they can grab them on the way out. Essentially, you don’t want them to leave
empty handed. It should either be something that they are
holding on to or a story like the burglary story where they are going to remember that
afterwards and they are going to talk to some of the other officers they work with. Hey, did you hear about officer so and so
and this thing that he said? That was pretty amazing. So, just always have them leave with something. Next slide please. Then training for current law enforcement. So, whenever I hold local trainings or you
know, our annual drug court conference, I always invite law enforcement, probation,
parole, sheriffs, and not just the ones that work with our teams. But, if I get contacted from you know, a probation
officer who says hey I would like to attend, absolutely, come on in. You know, this is good for all of us. The more officers are trained in drug court
or the more officers interested in learning about it. So, I always open it up to any officer that
wants to come in and hear what we have to say. It is helpful to bring in trainers that have
done that work before like a Hellen Harper or Shannon Carey who can talk about the statistics. And so, if you have somebody up there in front
of the room that is dynamic, engaging, has done the job before, is able to relate back
to when they worked in the field, it is so impactful. And not only that, you have you know, the
couple officers that are maybe on the fence or aren’t sure, but they are also now surrounded
by the officers who do work in the drug courts. So, they are able to talk with and make connections
with the officers that have already bought into it. So, I would encourage everybody, if you have
a local training, invite all the officers that want to come so that they can possibly
get something out of it. Next slide please. Mentoring and job shadowing, connecting law
enforcement with their counterparts in other locations, similar to the training. But there might be somebody in another state
or somebody in another jurisdiction that is a little bit further away that they might
not you know, have made that connection with. If you give them, you know, maybe their email
or their phone number or something along those lines, then, they might feel more comfortable
asking that fellow officer the questions that they may not feel comfortable asking you. So, and they can also do it on their own time. They can shoot off an email at some point
and then, you know, wait to get a response back. So, they are not, you know, in front of a
room raising their hand asking a question if there’s 50 people, 30 people in the room. Where maybe they are a little bit hesitant
to do that because it might be something that they think everybody knows but maybe they
don’t know. So, it kind of gives them that chance to ask
questions or make a connection with somebody on their own time and kind of more in private. But it also is helpful to make sure that the
jurisdiction is similar in size. Because, you never want to connect somebody
in a really rural area with somebody who is working in inner city, because their shared
stories and experiences, they are not going to match up quite the same. So, you wouldn’t want the officer walking
away saying that’s great, it works over there but that would never work here. It’s always beneficial to have, you know,
if you have a rural area, to match them up with another rural area. Not talking about law enforcement, but this
happened in one of my jurisdictions where they were struggling. And they needed to have a TA consultant come
in to discuss with them some options of changing their policies, and things like that. One of things that they always talked about
was the size of their county. So, it made sense for me to bring in a training
officer, or TA support that came from a place where you know, their jurisdiction and where
they operated was the same size or a little bit larger because that person talking holds
a lot more weight than if they come from a really small city that has a lot more resources. So, just to make sure you match up similar
size in populations. Next slide please. And then something to keep in mind, whether
it’s your training or it’s at an informational meeting or it’s giving somebody the contact
information of a fellow law enforcement officer that works in drug court, just in a different
area, that people have different learning styles and they need different information. You know, some people, they like the quick
immediate, you know, Twitter type information where you just get it quick, read it and you
understand it and you’re on with it. But, there are some people who need some time. They need to think about things. Or it’s a slower process. And there are some people that they need a
good anecdote or story. You can show them all the studies in the world,
all the statistics but they don’t care. They just want to hear about a mom who now
has custody of her kids back and is working and has her own apartment and tucking them
into bed at night. That is a lot more meaningful to them than
a pie chart that you know, shows 75 percent of our graduates, you know, get their custody,
are working, or whatever. But it is more meaningful to have that story. And sometimes it can be more meaningful to
have a local story as opposed to one on the other side of the country. And some people just need to live it. You know, some officers that I’ve worked
with before, they don’t buy into it, they don’t believe in it. And they’ve tried to you know, convince the
team to not take a particular person in. And I’ve talked to them and just said well
give them a chance. See what happens. What’s the worst that can happen? You know, if they fail out, they’ll get
their sentence. And then to see that individual start to succeed
and start to do really well a year later, when that person has been stabilized and sober
for a while and you know, they’re coming back into the program and ready to graduate,
I have had the same officer say to me: Oh, wow, I didn’t think they would ever be able
to be a success like this before. And then going forward, I never had any problems
with that officer after that getting people into our particular program because he saw
the results. But it took a while to get there. You just have to keep in mind sometimes it
takes a long time. And eventually if you have some positive outcomes,
they will be able to see that. Next slide please. So, this kind of goes along with the last
slide. You know, just to be patient. It can take time to change how someone looks
at a treatment court. With time and experience, law enforcement
can see that engaging with treatment courts can benefit the community. Usually when I go to the academy, one of questions
I ask is: Why did everybody get into this line of work? And similar to what the previous presenter
said, most of them say something along the lines of to make the community better, to
help people, something like that. And once they see the outcomes of the drug
court, almost every officer that I’ve ever worked with, definitely sees that it is benefiting
the community, it’s lowering recidivism, it’s putting families back together. And so, very rarely had somebody that’s
worked in drug court after two or three years and still has the same exact opinion that
they began with. But there is that occasional, you know, officer
or non-officer, some other discipline that they are just never going to think that drug
court or treatment court is a good option. And so we need to be okay with that. There is going to be a percentage of people,
that there’s nothing we can do. And just to focus on the ones that we know
are at least willing to give it a shot. Next slide please. And with that I will end and the next presenter
will begin.Thank you so much, Alex. Education and training approaches to inform
law enforcement about treatment services. The mic is all yours, Jac.Good. Thank you very much. And good afternoon, everybody. My name is Jac Charlier. And it is very cool to be here this afternoon
for this webinar. And thank you all for attending. I am with TASC. TASC was founded a little over 40 years ago
to bridge the criminal justice system from police to parole, and all points in between
and obviously including courts with community-based behavioral health, housing and services. By behavioral health I mostly refer to mental
health, trauma and substance use disorders. TASC may or may not be familiar to you, but
if you are familiar with RSAT, which is a residential substance abuse treatment program,
substance use disorder treatment within a prison and jail setting, that it is grounded
in the TASC model. If you are all familiar with intensive probation
services, that is grounded in the TASC model. And most appropriately, I think you are all
familiar with drug courts, drug courts are grounded in the TASC model that preceded drug
courts by about 17 years or so, give or take. So, it is a pleasure to be here. And specifically, then that is the connection
to drug courts for TASC and specifically as it relates to police, I am the co-founder
of the national movement called the Police, Treatment and Community Collaborative, the
PTAC collaborative around the emerging field of pre-arrest diversion and deflection in
the United States. So, it is exciting to be here. And I’ve enjoyed the first two presenters,
and I will enjoy the final presenter who follows me. And I hope all of you enjoy the presentation
I’m about to give on education and training approaches for law enforcement about treatment
services. Next slide please. So, when we talk about training, obviously
we are always going to do that from the context of who is the audience, who are the participants. Just like public speaking, I am going to present
to you starting with the first slide on the Justice Leaders Systems Change Initiative,
systems type of training, individual type of training, personal training that you can
do in team training. We know that in order to effect systems change,
that you need training from training and education, really at the highest levels all the way down
to line staff who are performing the work. It is insufficient based on research to just
train the line staff and not have the leadership educated or vice versa. We need everybody in the system and that includes
treatment, police, courts, the folks running the jail, prosecutors, defense, the individuals
themselves, on kind of what’s going on. So, JLSCI is a systems approach to change. This type of training is really education. This type of training is best suited for leadership
within a drug court environment. So, this is best suited for the judge, presiding
judge, chief judge, the lead prosecutor which could be the elected prosecutor or his or
her deputies, the public defender’s office, the folks who run the jail, the executive
and senior leadership of treatment and of the police department. You can do JLSCI from the systems perspective,
also with mid and sometimes line level staff but you must have the leadership part of the
team. So, JLSCI is done in a team setting, in a
community setting also. Also, your community leaders are there. So, this is getting at systemic education
needed for change to happen. So, folks can understand how we integrate
law enforcement, police within drug courts and how do they access treatment services
from a systemic standpoint. Next slide. Of course, there is also individualized education
and training. This falls much more in the arena of education,
but obviously gets into training. These are self-study courses that can be done
by folks at their leisure which is of course now the norm of how we do things. Where we don’t necessarily need to be 8:30
to 5 or on 2nd shift. To do stuff, we can go home and do that at
our house. Having come from a union background, I don’t
want to, a union law enforcement background I should say, I don’t want to encourage anybody
to go outside of the union contract. And do this off work time, if that’s not
allowed. But you understand the idea. These are modules directly related to the
topic that you can take. The link is on the slide. And these are ones if you go through, you’ll
have a really good understanding, deeper than you would just from a standing presentation
for ten minutes on the topics that you see here. And these are all geared for justice leaders
and treatment leaders in a community setting, right? They’re not for Ph.D. students nor are they
for just the kind of the lay public, off a second PSA. They are done by top flight researchers who
practice their art within the criminal justice behavioral health system. So, we started off with systems level education
and training. Now we are on self-study courses that you
can take. And again, the modules that you see there
are on the screen. And we will move on now to another audience
group. Next slide please. So here are items that were developed specifically
around this topic for roll call. So, these are around eight to ten minutes
each. They’re meant to be shown numerous times
at roll call across various shifts and several times obviously because that’s how we learn
best is through seeing things multiple times. And they are really good because they cut
to the chase of what is needed. So, unlike the self-study courses which I
just showed you where you are going to be able to go farther, go deeper, these are really
designed to give you, for example, the roll call video that you see on the left of your
screen, these give you the top three things a police officer needs to know about addiction
to make better decisions in terms of their participation with drug courts and those folks
who are suffering from substance use disorder, decision making, interactions with the individual,
interactions with treatment providers and within their role in the court. The one on the right, is geared towards how
do I interact with treatment providers, whether or not I know anything about addiction, what
does it look like? How do I form these partnerships? They are both designed for roll call and are
appropriate for leaders at a variety of levels and they are designed for treatment and judicial
and prosecutors because the knowledge is pretty much the same, but when we put them together
the main audience was police officers. And these are fantastic roll call videos. Very few things like this actually exist,
that are geared just for the police. Next slide please. Then there is a self-resource, I won’t call
it a self-study but a self-resource that you can keep with you in your squad or if you
want or keep it at the station or in your locker. This to me is the gold standard of anybody
working in the criminal justice system dealing with people who have substance use disorder,
which is just about everybody. So, everybody should have this book. It is the gold standard, comes from the National
Institute for Drug Abuse and I think many of you are probably familiar with it. If not, get this. Unfortunately, they don’t publish it anymore. You have to download it as a PDF. In the world in which we live, printing costs
are reduced. Essentially, you just print it out locally. But this is outstanding. Based on research, they keep updating it. If you want to work and have officers know,
have judges know, have treatment providers know what this looks like in terms of the
latest research, grab this thing. It’s a handy little guide. And again, you can keep it in your squad,
which is where I used to keep it and literally just keep referencing it. And you will be able to sound like an expert
at your next party too. Next slide. I am not going to read the principles. As you can see, I don’t read slides, that’s
your job. But I will say something important about each
one. We are showing you some of the principles
that are in this guide. And the way it is laid out, it does the principle
and then it gives you a quick paragraph on that principle explaining why that it is from
research. And maybe it’s a paragraph or maybe two. But it is no more and then it moves on. So, it is really very, very accessible for
line officers, for line prosecutors, for treatment staff, for individuals themselves, although
it is really geared towards a professional audience. Next slide. And here again you see more of the principles. These two last slides are really bad PowerPoint
slides, don’t mimic them. Because there is too much content on them
again, but the point is just to show you what is available within the NIDA document. Which again, it is available online from NIDA
and it is downloadable as a PDF and you can obviously view it on your smartphone or print
it out, whatever you would like to do. But this really is the gold standard. And you need to have this information in your
training package for officers in an annual training, 40-hour refresher every year, you
can put it into initial basic training they do at drug courts. And drug courts by the way use this document
too, so it’s not new to them. They may have copies lying around. But this is really is outstanding. Next slide. And then finally in terms of understanding
the field as a whole, right, so we’ve done systems level education and training, self-study. We’ve done some individual training, some
team training with the roll call videos but then there’s also a wider understanding of
the development of the interaction of law enforcement or police with treatment in the
community setting, with mental health, with housing also and connected with the courts. What you have here is a picture from what
I mentioned at the onset, the Police, Treatment and Community Collaborative, again as the
cofounder of this, this is about the newly emerging field and profession of deflection
and pre-arrest diversion. And that picture is a little hard to see. We can get you the full version. It’s available online but what you see in
the blue is police. What we are talking about here and what are
the different ways, what we call the pathways in which they connect folks into treatment. And that is inclusive of participating within
their role as a drug court and what you’ll notice on here is that as you become more
familiar with drug courts, many of you are or are newer to it, which you will notice
is that the pathways are very, very close if not in fact identical to how drug courts
connect folks. The difference will be primarily that drug
courts often will have contracts for services with some of these agencies, whereas in the
community setting it is done primarily relying on other funding sources. But, the point is there’s a big wide world
out there of connections between law enforcement, courts, and treatment in a community setting. And they all kind of hover around the same
different pathways. And those are what you see on the screen here. Next slide. And so here is just another example of a police
treatment and community collaborative document. This is around behavioral health. So, this is a set of principles that the officers
and the courts can become familiar with. Written from the point of view or the standpoint
of behavioral health and how it sees its interaction with criminal justice, with drug courts, with
police and the intersection of those two justice entities. That is important because gaining perspective
on the other, or where the other person is, is super important to being able to work best
with them. So, this guide really lets you know. From a behavioral health perspective, how
do we look at what you might be asking to do. We might agree or we might disagree. We can talk that out, but we do need to know
where there is fit and where there is not fit. Next slide. And that brings me to the last presenter. I want to thank you for your time. I look forward to your questions on everything
that you’ve heard so far at the end.Thank you so much, Jac. Law enforcement as advocates for treatment
court programs, Kallie, the mic is yours. Hold on one second. I believe that Kallie has to connect her audio. Please bear with us. Kallie is going to try my cell phone and we’ll
put her on speaker phone and then hopefully we will be able to hear then. So, just bear with us one moment. Okay, so Kallie is going to speak now. I have her on my speaker phone. And I hope that everyone can hear. So, Kallie, this mic is yours.Thank you. Sorry about that. I thought I was connected. I’m Kallie Steffens. I’m here in Sioux Falls in South Dakota. And I am the coordinator for the drug court,
DUI and veterans courts here. I’m here on behalf of Michelle Boyd. She has been with the program since implementation
in 2010. I am here to talk about advocates for treatment
court programs. Next slide please. So, our main goal is to educate on the importance
of drug courts and the success of our programs. When it comes to legislation involvement,
media involvement, chiefs and sheriffs conferences, the main goal is what do are our courts do? Why are these courts so successful? What do we do as team members and what roles
do law enforcement officers play? And we like to educate on the funding and
support that is necessary to make the program work Having any sort of involvement from a current
participant or graduate to speak on behalf of drug court, or their success stories to
law enforcement in the community makes it more of a personal encounter, especially when
the participant comes to terms and thanks that officer that arrested them, which forced
the change that they weren’t ready to make on their own. Law enforcement has incorporated a crisis
intervention training which gives the officers the opportunity to identify warning signs
that can lead to crisis. How do you use verbal and non-verbal techniques
to diffuse situations? How do you assess risk and choose the least
restrictive interventions? How to cope with fear? How do you use disengagement skills and then most importantly, how are we keeping the community safe? New hire training for officers now include
problem-solving court trainings that focus on how drug courts are changing the views
of law enforcement officers on what steps the courts are taking to develop contributing
members of society and to protect public safety. Next slide please. In South Dakota, we kind of wanted to show
how we are being successful. So, we took some demographics from fiscal
years 2012 to 2017 and statewide a total of 755 participants were accepted into the program. South Dakota has seen more of a female ratio
in drug court and more of a male ratio in our DUI court. Majority of our participants in drug court
are ranging from the ages of 22 to 30 where DUI court tend to range from 41 plus as our
DUI courts have been more functional and they are just at that point where they are ready
to change. The drug of choice has been meth, and with
opiates on the rise. Drug court has a higher risk of participants
being unemployed upon entry of our programs. And one of the main statistics that we have
is a total of 1266 children have been impacted by our programs due to their parents or guardian
being part of a positive life change and then they are being incorporated back into that
family position with our participants. Next slide please. As you can see, our drug courts are working. Statewide, national, we are not seeing that
revolving door of incarceration anymore. Our courts are giving the participants the
treatment that they need to remain successful. Our treatment dollars are more effective versus
the incarceration rates per day. Next slide please. And our community involvement with law enforcement,
I kind of talked about the crisis intervention. Our sheriff’s office has worked with us here
in Sioux Falls where we are able to do our testing at the work release center on weekends
and holidays. Our law enforcement has been on board whenever
we’ve needed a day check, an evening check, a weekend check, or if you know, we have a
problem or we are seeking additional help when it comes to relying on law enforcement. They are more than willing to go out with
us. Positive reinforcement with the clients. Just having law enforcement walk up to them,
talk to them about a situation, or just telling them that they are proud of what they have
accomplished or how well they are doing. Coffee with an officer. We have law enforcement officers on our teams
or law enforcement officers maybe that have arrested a participant and have seen their
success story or they are willing to you know, go out and have coffee with them and talk
to them about what is going on in the program, is there anything I can help you with, or
you know, just giving them that positive feedback and reinforcement. And the ability of law enforcement to educate
the public on our retention rates versus the lack of stigma. You know, talking to the community about how
these participants in these courts are making positive life changes, which is making our
community a safer place to be. Next slide please. So, our team approaches. Our main focus for our courts is a composition
of our team and the influence it has on our participants. We are always striving to improve the quality
of life of our participants and rely on the expert knowledge of our treatment and community
providers. All of our participants are assessed using
validated and evidence-based tools for what program or programs will best fit the needs
of their treatment approaches. Mental health services, we focus a lot on
the trauma they have been through, the abuse, any medication assistance they are needing. Couples counseling as well as individual sessions. We really focus on a DBT approach, which is
dialectical behavioral therapy, cognitive approach that helps participants to learn
and to use new skills and strategies to develop any life experiences that are worth living. DBT includes skills from mindfulness, emotional
regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal effectiveness. We also focus a lot on MRT, which is moral
recognition therapy, which is also a cognitive behavioral approach which addresses social,
moral and positive behavioral growth. Our chemical dependency services, IOP treatment,
residential services, if our clients are you know, recommended for having that structured
service. We also have in-patient services that available
to our clients if they are needing that level of care. CBISA, cognitive behavioral interventions
for substance abuse which is a treatment approach that assists a participant in learning and
developing cognitive, social, emotional coping and problem-solving skills. This program really focuses on identifying
the high-risk situations and how to deal with those situations as they are arising. And relapse prevention which is a very important
part of our program as we know addiction can be an ongoing struggle for our participants
even after they have completed multiple intensive treatment programs. Relapse intervention planning is crucial for
them so they are able to maintain long-term sobriety. And this program focuses really on detecting
the early warning signs and triggers on how to take action to prevent a relapse. Our partnering agencies and referral sources,
you know, are complementary services based on responsivity and maintenance needs are
addressed throughout our program phases and Sioux Falls has a wide array of partnerships
within the community for services such as housing which we have focused a lot on crime-free
housing and with the backgrounds with our clients we are not always able to get them
in there. So, we have changed with the work of law enforcement
the crime-free housing addendum which states that if any client is currently in our program
or has successfully completed our programs, that they are able to rent from crime-free
housing. Employment opportunities, we have education,
medical, dental, mentoring opportunities, financial stability programs, and we have
excellent transportation means in our community. Next slide please. So, our success rates in South Dakota, I’ll
start with Sioux Falls and talk about them statewide. Drug court started in Sioux Falls in 2011. To date, we have accepted 163 clients. Fifty-five of those have graduated and are
currently serving 50. DUI court we started in 2013. There has been a total of 73 participants
in the program. Thirty-one have been successful graduates
and we are currently serving 21. Our veterans treatment court started in January
of 2016. We have had five successful graduates and
we currently have seven active participants. Our retention rates are really great. It shows that we are working. 71 percent, 75 percent, and in the national
level is at 70. So, we are really focusing on what we are
doing right. How can we remain compliant with our programs
and how the community is looking upon these successful rates Statewide, the last fiscal year 2017 we were
up to 17 active courts in South Dakota, 456 participants were served during that time. And we had 90 that were successful graduates. Next slide please. And with that I’ll turn it over back to you.Well, thank you so much, Kallie. At this time, we are going to take Q&A. And we have a few questions already. So, the first question is: If someone wants
to learn more about PTAC, and I know that Jac can speak on that. They want to know if there is a website where
they can learn more about this program.There is, that’s a good question. Thank you. For the Police, Treatment and Community Collaborative
about this newly emerging field of pre-arrest diversion and deflection. The website, until the end of the month the
website is centerforhealthandjustice.org. And I think it’s on one of the slides. Zephi, is that right? It is on one of the slides? The website is there? If not, if you can send that out, that would
be good. It’s just too hard to say over the webinar. And then come July 1, International Association
of Chiefs of Police, one of the 26 national founding partners of PTAC, PTAC is comprised
of 26 national organizations, is working on releasing June 30/July 1, the new national
PTAC website. But in the meantime, centerforhealthandjustice.org
is where we are kind of storing stuff. If anybody wants more, if you just go to or
give them my email, we’ll connect them up with PTAC directly.Thank you so much. Yup, the website is on the PowerPoint. We will send the slides out at a later date. We have a question about how can peer specialists
be used in diversion? I want to open the floor to Alex. I’m not sure if your courts in New Hampshire
use peer specialists?So, when you say peer specialists,
are we like talking about recovery support workers? Something along those lines? Because they are called different things in
different areas. And we do utilize some of those you know,
recovery support workers or recovery coaches within the drug court. Some places will contract with a recovery
center and that person might come in a little bit here and there. We have other treatment agencies that have
actually hired full-time recovery support worker recovery coach and they kind of work
with every single client. So, they are not like case management where
they have 25, 30 people, 40 people or probation or parole. But, what they are doing is linking them to
self-help or alternative you know, sober events and things like that. They might be able to drive a client to a
28-day program. And really, they are kind of like assisting
multiple other agencies. So, they might be assisting the counselors,
they might be sitting in on groups and kind of adding some feedback or some anecdotes
that they may have lived through to the group environment to kind of keep it on track. Ultimately the clients end up trusting and
confiding more in the recovery support worker. Because they will see that that person has
done that job before. They have been in that situation where they’ve
had to sit in a group room or they have had to go from using, actively using every day
to trying to live with being sober. So most of them, they open up a lot more to
their recovery support worker or recovery coach or peer support than they do necessarily
a PO or case manager. And we use that information to help craft
their treatment plan, and things like that. I did want to say something else about something
that Kallie sparked my memory. That I was going to say you know, when you
are having things like a graduation, because they have had a bunch of graduates in that
program, invite law enforcement to that too. We had this woman that was about to graduate. She told me before her graduation that you
know, she wants to thank the police officer that arrested her because that saved her life. You know, she was driving under the influence;
she had some pills on her. If not, you know, she might would have crashed
her car, killed herself or somebody else. And so, without her knowing, I invited him
to the graduation and he showed up. And so she was able to say that in front of
the room, not knowing that he was there, and afterwards you know, he went up and shook
her hand and it was one of those moments where he probably hadn’t had an interaction with
her for about 13 or 14 months. He just knows that he arrested her and she
eventually got into the program. So, having things like that can really help
law enforcement get engaged. And then also with MRT, we’ve trained some
of our POs in MRT. And so some of the probation and parole officers
are doing MRT groups for our drug courts. And they may do some MRT groups for some other
regular probation/parole caseload. But that also can help engage by getting some
of your officers certified in some of these you know, interventions that don’t necessarily
need you know a licensed counselor to run.Okay. Thank you so much, Alex. We have another question. Someone wants to know in their area they don’t
have funding to assign a law enforcement agent to their court. So, what are some strategies that they can
get law enforcement to be part of the team? And I was thinking, Kallie, do you think you
can answer that question?Yes. We do not have funding for law enforcement
to be part of our team either. They are actually all voluntary. Educating them, talking to them, reaching
out to them. You know, going to the chief of law enforcement
or the captains of law enforcement. You know, just reaching out to see how you
can get them involved or invite them to come to court, invite them to sit through your
staffing. It really gives them education about what
this is doing for the community. You know, it is a stigma that it is hard to
break, but I think once they are educated and once they are able to see positives that
you are doing for the community, it will really draw their attention in. Otherwise, there’s multiple grants out there
that you could apply for through SAMSHA that could maybe offer law enforcement some sort
of grant to help with that.Okay. Thank you so much. We have time for one more question. Someone wants to know if there are any areas
or any locations or programs that are doing a really good job in engaging law enforcement. And I want to turn this over to Dr. Thrasher. I wonder if you can add some information.Wow. Just about everywhere you go you see law enforcement
getting more and more involved. In my own state, you know, we have therapeutic
court programs throughout the state and law enforcement is becoming more and more an integral
partner. The new partners on the street and law enforcement
has been integral getting these individuals involved is 1) physicians. It is very, very important to have a physician. Particularly, if you can get an emergency
room physician who can actually see the results of substance abuse in their community on your
team. But law enforcement is also partnering with
academia. This is something I’m very much involved in. It was commented about the reduction in crime. You know, once you have a therapeutic court
in your community and these individuals are responsible for multiple offenses. We have really good research available in
the successfulness of drug court programs. Other therapeutic programs, not so much. It is hard to measure the impact of a mental
health program and it is hard to mandate good mental health if you have a co-occurring disorder
court, for example in your community. But one of the things that Oklahoma State
is doing, is we are actually researching the success of these programs and we are measuring
that in terms of impact on the community, impact on serious crime in the community. And we are finding that once law enforcement
particularly gets involved in that treatment court, crime does go down. And we are able to make statistically significant
impacts in those areas. So, I think we have a number of areas, I think
getting hold of these officers, I think using these officers to recruit new, and different,
unique partners in their drug court team, all play a part in this.All right. Thank you, guys, so much. I really learned a lot during this webinar. We are out of time. Before you exit, please complete our survey. This will help us improve future webinars. And also, if you have a question that we weren’t
able to answer today, there is also a spot for you to rewrite that question. I want to thank all of our presenters for
taking time out and thank you for joining us today. Take care and have a great day.